Using DNSlint to verify the integrity of DNS records used for Active Directory Replication

DNSlint is a Microsoft Support tool that can be used to inspect the integrity of your domain’s DNS records. This can be useful if you are having problems with Active Directory replication, or if you want to check the integrity of your of your DNS records after removing a failed Domain Controller for example.

To check DNS records used for for AD replication in your domain install DNSlint and run the following command:

dnslint /ad /s IP_ADDRESS

Where IP_ADDRESS is the IP address of one of the DNS servers in your domain.

References:

DNSlint Utility

 

Using and verifying HTTP compression on aspx pages in IIS 6

Yesterday I was examining some performance issues with an in house web application over our wide area network. While a developer looked at the code I thought I would see what could be done with http compression. This particular application is hosted on IIS 6 which is unfortunate as there some improvements with http compression in IIS 7. Anyway to enable http compression for aspx or other associated web pages in IIS6 you need to do the following. Firstly enable http compression on the server by right clicking on the ‘Web Sites’ folder in IIS Manager and choosing properties:

Accessing web sites properties

Next, click on the ‘Service’ Tab and check the ‘compress application files’ and ‘compress static files’ tick boxes and then choose a limit for temporary files. Then click OK

Next, download and install the IIS 6 resource kit tools from Microsoft which can be found here. Once the tools are installed open ‘Metabase Explorer’ and navigate to LM, W3SVC, Filters, Compression, deflate. Add the file extensions you wish to compress to HcScriptFileExtensions, in this case aspx, axd, asmx and css. Then change the HcDynamicCompressionLevel to a value between 1 and 10, 1 for low compression with low CPU utilisation, and 10 for high compression with high CPU utilisation. Setting this to a high value such as 9 may not necessarily give that much higher compression than choosing 5, so be careful to choose a value which is a good balance between compression and performance. Then apply identical settings for HcScriptFileExtensions and HcDynamicCompressionLevel  under LM, W3SVC, Filters, Compression, gzip

Modifying HcScriptFileExtensions and HcDynamicCompressionLevel in Metabase Explorer

 Save the configuration in IIS manager and then perform an iisreset from the command prompt.

You can verify the amount of compression you are are getting using a tool such as Fiddler or alternatively browser plugin Httpwatch.

To do this using Fiddler, download and install Fiddler and then run the program. Then access the website as normal, accessing some of the pages that you are attempting to compress. Once you have some entries in the ‘Web Sessions’ pane, click on the page you want to view the compression stats for in the list. The number in the ‘body’ column is the compressed size. In the bottom right section of Fiddler, click on ‘Transformer’ and you will see the compression type:

View compression status in Fiddler

View compression status in Fiddler

You will notice the yellow bar above the ‘transformer’ tab which says ‘Response is encoded and may need to be decoded before inspection, click here to transform’. Click on the yellow bar:

View original entity size before compression status in Fiddler

On this screen examine the ‘Entity Size’ which will be the original size of the page before compression. You can compare this to the body column to see the amount that the page has been compressed, in this case around a 27% saving on bandwidth.